Top 10 Crimes in Nepal

Last updated on 2022-09-25
Top 10 Crimes in Nepal

Several criminal acts take place in Nepal daily. Crime rates are significantly greater in major cities than in small towns and rural regions because the odds of criminals being identified and apprehended are lower in a mobile population. Here are the top 10 crimes in Nepal in the fiscal year 2076/077.

*The ranking is based on the data published by Crime Investigation Department (CID) Nepal.

10. Unnatural Sex

Unnatural Sex
Image Source: MNCASA

In the fiscal year 2076/77, more than 27 cases of unnatural sex were reported in Nepal. In a good frame of mind, unnatural sex is physiologically impossible. Unnatural sex is a religious phrase that refers to any sexual act that is deemed wicked or immoral because the parties are not wedded to each other, it does not result in reproduction, or it is not in line with the precepts of a specific religion. As a result, many common sexual practices performed by legally married and morally upright people and couples are deemed unnatural sex acts someplace and are punishable by some legal or religious tribunals.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 27
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 1

9. Abortion

Abortion
Image Source: 123 Healthwise

Abortion in Nepal is legalized up to 12 weeks gestation. Abortion was legalized in Nepal in 2002. Abortion legalization has contributed to a sharp decline in maternal mortality, which fell from 580 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 1995 to 190 per 100,000 in 2013. Many women in Nepal continue to face barriers to obtaining safe and legal procedures. Lack of awareness of the legal status of abortion, lack of services, lack of transport to approved facilities, gender norms that hinder women’s decision-making autonomy, the often prohibitive cost of the procedure, and fear of abortion-related stigma.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 29
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 2

8. Untouchability

Untouchability
Image Source: My Republica

The law against discrimination based in castes was formed in 1962. However, the Nepalese caste system is still thriving and discrimination is deeply rooted in the Nepalese society. Even though the constitution has banned the practice of untouchability, people are discriminating against people. Most lower caste community people are not allowed to enter the temple or drink water from the public taps. There are more than 30 untouchability cases in Nepal in the last fiscal year.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 30
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 7

7. Allegation of Witchcraft

Allegation of Witchcraft
Image Source: The Conversation

Women in Nepal face inequality and discrimination even in this modern era. According to the data published, more than 81 percent of women face domestic violence in Nepal, of which 50 to 75 percent are unreported. The allegation of Witchcraft is a common issue in the rural part of the country. Most people are illiterate and believe in different samans and rituals and abuse people in the name of curing them. There are a total of 34 cases reporting allegations of WIthcraft in Nepal according to the data published by Nepal police.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 34
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 2

6. Child Marriage

Child Marriage
Image Source: The Logical Indian

Thirty-seven percent of women in Nepal marry earlier than age 18 and 10 percent are married through age 15, despite the truth that the minimum age of marriage below Nepali regulation is 20 years of age. Nepal has the third-highest child marriage rate in South Asia first being India and second Bangladesh. Married adolescents commonly dropped out of school and give birth to toddlers early, which can deeply affect their future and can even risk their life. Child marriage in Nepal is a common crime that involves the family of the child itself.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 64
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 2

5. Child Sexual Abuse

Child Sexual Abuse
Image Source: media2.intoday.in

Experiencing child sexual abuse is a detrimental childhood experience that can have an effect on how a man or woman thinks, acts, and feels over a lifetime, ensuing in short- and long-term bodily and mental/emotional fitness consequences. In Nepal, 232 sexual abuse cases were recorded during the last fiscal year. Child abuse in Nepal is rapidly increasing through digital online platforms. A new bill was passed in Nepal regarding online sexual abuse which was a must-needed law in Nepal. Children from the age of 5 - 14 are mostly being abused in Nepal. Some children are abused by their family members or relatives as well.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 232
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 1

4. Attempt to rape

Attempt to rape
Image Source: amazonaws

Nepal Police headquarters has reported more than 687 cases of attempts to rape cases in the last fiscal year. The statistics show that the cases of rape have been increasing every year. There are more than 7 constitutional laws against rape in Nepal but the punishment in Nepal is still not satisfactory. Province 1 has seen the most rape cases in Nepal with almost 169 cases in the last fiscal year whereas Kathmandu metropolitan city has the lowest attempt to rape cases reported. To avoid such terrifying acts there must be strict rules and regulations implemented in the country.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 687
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 1

3. Polygamy

Polygamy
Image Source: Setopati

Polygamy in Nepal amid the monarch period was lawful and numerous kings or the wealthy individuals of the estate had more than 2 spouses. During that time, wedding more than two women in Nepal were regarded as a part of the culture. But presently polygamy is considered a crime in the nation. There are more than 734 cases of polygamy marriage in Nepal within the final fiscal year itself. Section 175 of the Muluki Criminal Code Act, 2017, expressly prohibits polygamy, but Section 74 of the Muluki Civil (Code) Act, 2017, states that a couple is considered married if their physical relations result in childbirth.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 734
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 1

2. Rape

Rape
Image Source: ibtimes.co

Despite the COVID-19 epidemic, rape cases have inexplicably increased in Nepal. Except for rape and suicide cases, the number of other crimes was reduced during the lockdown, according to Nepal Police. Two girls were raped every day in this period since the commencement of the government-enforced lockdown. During this time, the Kathmandu Valley and Province 5 had the largest number of rape incidents. According to the most recent statistics from the Nepal Police headquarters, 2,144 incidents of rape were reported in the previous fiscal year.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 2144
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 1

1. Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence
Image Source: myhv.lgt.nhs.uk

Domestic violence shows up mostly in the terai region of Nepal, and it can occur from several causes. Violence against women is practiced in Nepali society based on discriminatory social culture, economic, religious, and political traditions and beliefs. Domestic violence is frequently perpetrated in the context of forced or underage marriage. Health care, marital rape, reproductive victims of domestic violence circumstances due to isolation, power, and control, traumatic connection with the abuser, cultural acceptability, lack of financial resources, fear, humiliation, or to protect children.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 11738
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 2

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10.

Unnatural Sex

9.

Abortion

8.

Untouchability

7.

Allegation of Witchcraft

6.

Child Marriage

5.

Child Sexual Abuse

4.

Attempt to rape

3.

Polygamy

2.

Rape

1.

Domestic Violence

10. Unnatural Sex

Unnatural Sex
Image Source: MNCASA

In the fiscal year 2076/77, more than 27 cases of unnatural sex were reported in Nepal. In a good frame of mind, unnatural sex is physiologically impossible. Unnatural sex is a religious phrase that refers to any sexual act that is deemed wicked or immoral because the parties are not wedded to each other, it does not result in reproduction, or it is not in line with the precepts of a specific religion. As a result, many common sexual practices performed by legally married and morally upright people and couples are deemed unnatural sex acts someplace and are punishable by some legal or religious tribunals.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 27
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 1

9. Abortion

Abortion
Image Source: 123 Healthwise

Abortion in Nepal is legalized up to 12 weeks gestation. Abortion was legalized in Nepal in 2002. Abortion legalization has contributed to a sharp decline in maternal mortality, which fell from 580 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 1995 to 190 per 100,000 in 2013. Many women in Nepal continue to face barriers to obtaining safe and legal procedures. Lack of awareness of the legal status of abortion, lack of services, lack of transport to approved facilities, gender norms that hinder women’s decision-making autonomy, the often prohibitive cost of the procedure, and fear of abortion-related stigma.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 29
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 2

8. Untouchability

Untouchability
Image Source: My Republica

The law against discrimination based in castes was formed in 1962. However, the Nepalese caste system is still thriving and discrimination is deeply rooted in the Nepalese society. Even though the constitution has banned the practice of untouchability, people are discriminating against people. Most lower caste community people are not allowed to enter the temple or drink water from the public taps. There are more than 30 untouchability cases in Nepal in the last fiscal year.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 30
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 7

7. Allegation of Witchcraft

Allegation of Witchcraft
Image Source: The Conversation

Women in Nepal face inequality and discrimination even in this modern era. According to the data published, more than 81 percent of women face domestic violence in Nepal, of which 50 to 75 percent are unreported. The allegation of Witchcraft is a common issue in the rural part of the country. Most people are illiterate and believe in different samans and rituals and abuse people in the name of curing them. There are a total of 34 cases reporting allegations of WIthcraft in Nepal according to the data published by Nepal police.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 34
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 2

6. Child Marriage

Child Marriage
Image Source: The Logical Indian

Thirty-seven percent of women in Nepal marry earlier than age 18 and 10 percent are married through age 15, despite the truth that the minimum age of marriage below Nepali regulation is 20 years of age. Nepal has the third-highest child marriage rate in South Asia first being India and second Bangladesh. Married adolescents commonly dropped out of school and give birth to toddlers early, which can deeply affect their future and can even risk their life. Child marriage in Nepal is a common crime that involves the family of the child itself.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 64
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 2

5. Child Sexual Abuse

Child Sexual Abuse
Image Source: media2.intoday.in

Experiencing child sexual abuse is a detrimental childhood experience that can have an effect on how a man or woman thinks, acts, and feels over a lifetime, ensuing in short- and long-term bodily and mental/emotional fitness consequences. In Nepal, 232 sexual abuse cases were recorded during the last fiscal year. Child abuse in Nepal is rapidly increasing through digital online platforms. A new bill was passed in Nepal regarding online sexual abuse which was a must-needed law in Nepal. Children from the age of 5 - 14 are mostly being abused in Nepal. Some children are abused by their family members or relatives as well.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 232
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 1

4. Attempt to rape

Attempt to rape
Image Source: amazonaws

Nepal Police headquarters has reported more than 687 cases of attempts to rape cases in the last fiscal year. The statistics show that the cases of rape have been increasing every year. There are more than 7 constitutional laws against rape in Nepal but the punishment in Nepal is still not satisfactory. Province 1 has seen the most rape cases in Nepal with almost 169 cases in the last fiscal year whereas Kathmandu metropolitan city has the lowest attempt to rape cases reported. To avoid such terrifying acts there must be strict rules and regulations implemented in the country.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 687
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 1

3. Polygamy

Polygamy
Image Source: Setopati

Polygamy in Nepal amid the monarch period was lawful and numerous kings or the wealthy individuals of the estate had more than 2 spouses. During that time, wedding more than two women in Nepal were regarded as a part of the culture. But presently polygamy is considered a crime in the nation. There are more than 734 cases of polygamy marriage in Nepal within the final fiscal year itself. Section 175 of the Muluki Criminal Code Act, 2017, expressly prohibits polygamy, but Section 74 of the Muluki Civil (Code) Act, 2017, states that a couple is considered married if their physical relations result in childbirth.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 734
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 1

2. Rape

Rape
Image Source: ibtimes.co

Despite the COVID-19 epidemic, rape cases have inexplicably increased in Nepal. Except for rape and suicide cases, the number of other crimes was reduced during the lockdown, according to Nepal Police. Two girls were raped every day in this period since the commencement of the government-enforced lockdown. During this time, the Kathmandu Valley and Province 5 had the largest number of rape incidents. According to the most recent statistics from the Nepal Police headquarters, 2,144 incidents of rape were reported in the previous fiscal year.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 2144
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 1

1. Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence
Image Source: myhv.lgt.nhs.uk

Domestic violence shows up mostly in the terai region of Nepal, and it can occur from several causes. Violence against women is practiced in Nepali society based on discriminatory social culture, economic, religious, and political traditions and beliefs. Domestic violence is frequently perpetrated in the context of forced or underage marriage. Health care, marital rape, reproductive victims of domestic violence circumstances due to isolation, power, and control, traumatic connection with the abuser, cultural acceptability, lack of financial resources, fear, humiliation, or to protect children.

  • Total cases in fiscal year 2076/077 : 11738
  • Highest Crime based on Province : Province 2

10.

Unnatural Sex

9.

Abortion

8.

Untouchability

7.

Allegation of Witchcraft

6.

Child Marriage

5.

Child Sexual Abuse

4.

Attempt to rape

3.

Polygamy

2.

Rape

1.

Domestic Violence