Top 10 Districts with Highest Distribution of Biogas Units in Nepal

Last updated on 2022-09-24
Top 10 Districts with Highest Distribution of Biogas Units in Nepal

Biogas is a type of clean cooking mechanism that is also a sustainable source of renewable energy that is both economically and environmentally friendly. It is made from organic waste and can be utilized for a variety of functions. The slurry produced by the biogas system is a convenient source of organic fertilizer, which is critical for growing agro-productions while maintaining environmental sustainability. In Nepal, biogas technology has played a critical role in creating a huge number of green jobs (about 13000). Biogas is implemented in the majority of villages (about 2800 out of 3915) across Nepal's 75 districts.According to studies, health and sanitation are steadily improving as a result of the biogas installation, and deforestation (for the purpose of firewood) is being reduced in Nepal. To make the industry more inclusive, participative, decentralized, and balanced, technology is being concerned with caste and ethnicity, gender, and other issues.

*The ranking is based on the data provided by the Alternative Energy Promotion Centre of Nepal.

10. Dang

Dang
Image Source: OnlineKhabar

Dang District is a district of Lumbini Province in midwestern Nepal's Inner Terai. The district's capital, Deukhuri Valley, is Asia's second largest valley, surrounded by the Sivalik Hills and the Mahabharata Range. Ghorahi, the district headquarters, is Nepal's seventh largest city and largest sub-metropolitan city.Bio-gas plants have been installed in 6,306 households in the Deukhuri area of Dang districts to address the challenges posed by the current disruption of essential goods, primarily cooking gases. So far, National Bio-Gas Company has installed 2,300 bio-gas plants in the area. Similarly, the Narti Forest and Environment Multi-purpose Cooperative Organisation Ltd has installed bio-gas plants in the homes of 2,500 users. Similarly, Rapti Solar Power and Bio-gas Pvt Ltd has installed 563 Deukhuri households..The total distribution of biogas units in Dang totals 352 units.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 352
  • Total Area of District : 2,955 km²

9. Morang

Morang
Image Source: The Everest List

Morang is one of the country's seventy-five districts, located in the country's east. Morang has a total area of 1,855 square kilometers. Biratnagar, the district headquarters and Nepal's second-largest city, is located about 540 kilometers east of Kathmandu in the Koshi zone. Biratnagar is home to some of the country's largest industries, making it one of the most important industrial zones.Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli dedicated a biogas plant and a gas pipeline system at Jatuwa in Biratnagar Metropolis-14, Morang, on Tuesday 22nd February,2022.In its first phase, the plant distributed biogas to 32 houses via 400 meters of pipe. Customers must pay Rs 84 per kilogram to use the gas.The plant has been producing 160 kg of gas per day, enough to supply 150 households.Hence, the biogas distribution now in Morang district accounts to 398 units.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 398
  • Total Area of District : 1,855 km²

8. Nawalparasi

Nawalparasi
Image Source: Nepal Archives

Nawalparasi District, which is part of Gandaki Province and part of Lumbini Zone, was one of Nepal's seventy-five districts before being divided. The district, with Parasi as its district headquarters, has an area of 2,162 square kilometers (835 square miles) and a population of 643,508 (2011). Nawalparasi District is bordered on the west by Rupandehi District, on the north by Palpa and Tanahun Districts, on the east and south by Chitwan District, and on the south by the Indian border.Envi Power Energy and Fertiliser Pvt Ltd, a modern biogas plant built at a cost of Rs 120 million in Sukrauli, Western Nawalparasi, has begun generating gas from garbage. The biogas plant, which spans 3,750 square meters, has the capacity to produce 120 cylinders of gas per day.The distribution of biogas units in Nawalparasi totals 398 units.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 423
  • Total Area of District : 2,162 km²

7. Kanchanpur

Kanchanpur
Image Source: Ratopati

Kanchanpur District, located in Sudurpaschim Province in the Terai plain, is one of Nepal's seventy-seven districts. The district has a total area of 1,610 square kilometers, with Mahendranagar serving as the district headquarters. It is situated in Nepal's south-western region. It is bounded on the east by Kailali district, on the north by Dadeldhura district, and on the south and west by India. Kanchanpur has a total of 20 VDCs. The main hazard in the district is flooding.With the assistance of a community forest users' group, over 1,200 houses in Kanchanpur's Krishnapur Municipality have been outfitted with biogas plants.Beneficiaries of Krishnapur's 24 community forests play an important role in encouraging locals to use renewable energy.In terms of biogas unit distribution in Kailali, there are 469 units available.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 469
  • Total Area of District : 1,610 km²

6. Kailali

Kailali
Image Source: localelection.ekantipur.com

The district, with Dhangadhi as its district headquarters,situated in the far western region of Nepal has a total area of 3,235 square kilometers and a population of 775,709 in 2011. Dhangadhi is a popular tourist destination not only in the Kailali district, but throughout the Seti Zone. Tikapur Park, one of Nepal's largest parks, is also located in the district, as is the Ghoda-Ghodi Tal (lake) at Sukhad Kailali.The Dhangadhi-Dadeldhura Highway would serve as the backbone for Kailali's development.Biogas contributes to the economic, environmental, and social sustainability of kailali. It is critical for the creation of enterprise and employment, as well as the production of slurry and compost fertilizer. Health and the environment, as well as a pleasant environment, all contribute to better enterprise integration.In terms of biogas unit distribution in Kailali, there are 571 units available.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 571
  • Total Area of District : 3,235 km²

5. Kaski

Kaski
Image Source: Radio Nepal

Kaski, a district of the Gandaki Province, has a total area of 2,017 square kilometers and is part of the Gandaki Province. The Kaski district, located in the Gandaki Zone, has its administrative headquarters in Pokhara and is part of Nepal's Western Development Region. The district includes parts of the Annapurna mountain range, and the breathtaking scenery of the mountains can be seen from a variety of locations throughout the district.A case study of Dhikur Pokhari V.D.C. of Kaski district was conducted, and it was discovered that out of a total of 120 biogas households, 30 households (25 percent) were chosen as sample households using simple random sampling.Small farmers with 10-20 Ropani land have the highest proportion of total biogas plant owners. Every household owns some livestock. The number of livestock in households with more than four is approximately 60%, with buffalo being kept in the majority of cases.To be specific,Tanahu district has 694 units of biogas distributed.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 573
  • Total Area of District : 2,017 km²

4. Chitawan

Chitawan
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

Chitwan is Nepal's second-largest city after Kathmandu. It had a population of 579,984 people in 2011 and a total area of 2,238.39 kilometers square . Bharatpur is South Central Nepal's commercial and service center, as well as a regional center for higher education, health care, and transportation.In 2010, the research was carried out in the Chitwan District's Padampur VDC which was conducted on a sample of 35 biogas users (14 percent of the installed plant). According to the study, the use of biogas energy saved 80 percent of the fuel wood and kerosene consumption and 50 percent of the electricity consumption in the households surveyed. More than 71% of biogas users saw an increase in agricultural production. Thus, the installation of biogas has resulted in some positive changes in health, hygiene, and sanitation, as well as increased household income. Chitwan has 575 biogas units installed, making it the fourth most biogas-distributed country in Nepal.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 575
  • Total Area of District : 2,238 km²

3. Makawanpur

Makawanpur
Image Source: The Kathmandu Post

Makwanpur District is one of Nepal's 77 districts and is located in the Bagmati Province in the southwestern corner of the Kathmandu district and is home to several must-see attractions. The district, which includes Hetauda as its district headquarters and the state capital, has a total area of 2,426 km2 (937 sq mi) and a population of 420,477 in 2011.Biogas is another promising and widely used renewable energy source in Makwanpur. Biogas's overall energy potential is projected to be 1,080.27 GJ per year. There are 16,969 dwellings with biogas potential, with 15,736 of them already installed.Makwanpur has the third highest number of biogas distribution units in Nepal, with 596 units distributed.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 596
  • Total Area of District : 2,426 km²

2. Tanahu

Tanahu
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

Tanahun District is one of Nepal's seventy-seven districts and is located in Gandaki Province. The district, which has its seat in Damauli, covers 1,546 km2 (597 sq mi) and had a population of 323,288 people in 2011. Its district headquarters used to be in the town of Bandipur. This district is located in Nepal's central region. Tanahun's postal code is 33900.The installation of biogas has had significant socioeconomic impacts in Nepal's western highlands, particularly in the Suklagandaki Municipality of Tanahun district. It is one of the most reliable alternative energy resources for cooking, particularly in Nepal's rural areas. According to a case study published by Nepal Journals, out of 40 biogas consumers sampled houses, more than 70% reported favorable changes in their socioeconomic conditions following the establishment of a biogas plant. As a result, Tanahu is the district with the second highest distribution of biogas units, with 694 units.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 694
  • Total Area of District : 1,546 km²

1. Jhapa

Jhapa
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

Jhapa is the easternmost district of Nepal's Province No. 1 situated in the fertile Terai plains.It is bordered on the north by Ilam, on the west by Morang, on the south by Bihar, and on the southeast and east by West Bengal. Jhapa’s total population is 812,650 people, according to the most recent official numbers, the 2011 Nepal Census. Around 40 biogas plants in the Jhapa and Banke districts were chosen for an in-depth evaluation of their overall status, as well as their impact on fuelwood costs and collection time savings. In August of 2008, field research was carried out.Ward No. 1 of Chandragadi VDC in Jhapa district was the scene of the investigation. In the current study, 30 houses with biogas plants were chosen as a sample from a total of 60 households with biogas plants. As a result, Jhapa is the district with the highest distribution of biogas units, with 707 units.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 707
  • Total Area of District : 1,606 km²

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10. Dang

Dang
Image Source: OnlineKhabar

Dang District is a district of Lumbini Province in midwestern Nepal's Inner Terai. The district's capital, Deukhuri Valley, is Asia's second largest valley, surrounded by the Sivalik Hills and the Mahabharata Range. Ghorahi, the district headquarters, is Nepal's seventh largest city and largest sub-metropolitan city.Bio-gas plants have been installed in 6,306 households in the Deukhuri area of Dang districts to address the challenges posed by the current disruption of essential goods, primarily cooking gases. So far, National Bio-Gas Company has installed 2,300 bio-gas plants in the area. Similarly, the Narti Forest and Environment Multi-purpose Cooperative Organisation Ltd has installed bio-gas plants in the homes of 2,500 users. Similarly, Rapti Solar Power and Bio-gas Pvt Ltd has installed 563 Deukhuri households..The total distribution of biogas units in Dang totals 352 units.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 352
  • Total Area of District : 2,955 km²

9. Morang

Morang
Image Source: The Everest List

Morang is one of the country's seventy-five districts, located in the country's east. Morang has a total area of 1,855 square kilometers. Biratnagar, the district headquarters and Nepal's second-largest city, is located about 540 kilometers east of Kathmandu in the Koshi zone. Biratnagar is home to some of the country's largest industries, making it one of the most important industrial zones.Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli dedicated a biogas plant and a gas pipeline system at Jatuwa in Biratnagar Metropolis-14, Morang, on Tuesday 22nd February,2022.In its first phase, the plant distributed biogas to 32 houses via 400 meters of pipe. Customers must pay Rs 84 per kilogram to use the gas.The plant has been producing 160 kg of gas per day, enough to supply 150 households.Hence, the biogas distribution now in Morang district accounts to 398 units.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 398
  • Total Area of District : 1,855 km²

8. Nawalparasi

Nawalparasi
Image Source: Nepal Archives

Nawalparasi District, which is part of Gandaki Province and part of Lumbini Zone, was one of Nepal's seventy-five districts before being divided. The district, with Parasi as its district headquarters, has an area of 2,162 square kilometers (835 square miles) and a population of 643,508 (2011). Nawalparasi District is bordered on the west by Rupandehi District, on the north by Palpa and Tanahun Districts, on the east and south by Chitwan District, and on the south by the Indian border.Envi Power Energy and Fertiliser Pvt Ltd, a modern biogas plant built at a cost of Rs 120 million in Sukrauli, Western Nawalparasi, has begun generating gas from garbage. The biogas plant, which spans 3,750 square meters, has the capacity to produce 120 cylinders of gas per day.The distribution of biogas units in Nawalparasi totals 398 units.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 423
  • Total Area of District : 2,162 km²

7. Kanchanpur

Kanchanpur
Image Source: Ratopati

Kanchanpur District, located in Sudurpaschim Province in the Terai plain, is one of Nepal's seventy-seven districts. The district has a total area of 1,610 square kilometers, with Mahendranagar serving as the district headquarters. It is situated in Nepal's south-western region. It is bounded on the east by Kailali district, on the north by Dadeldhura district, and on the south and west by India. Kanchanpur has a total of 20 VDCs. The main hazard in the district is flooding.With the assistance of a community forest users' group, over 1,200 houses in Kanchanpur's Krishnapur Municipality have been outfitted with biogas plants.Beneficiaries of Krishnapur's 24 community forests play an important role in encouraging locals to use renewable energy.In terms of biogas unit distribution in Kailali, there are 469 units available.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 469
  • Total Area of District : 1,610 km²

6. Kailali

Kailali
Image Source: localelection.ekantipur.com

The district, with Dhangadhi as its district headquarters,situated in the far western region of Nepal has a total area of 3,235 square kilometers and a population of 775,709 in 2011. Dhangadhi is a popular tourist destination not only in the Kailali district, but throughout the Seti Zone. Tikapur Park, one of Nepal's largest parks, is also located in the district, as is the Ghoda-Ghodi Tal (lake) at Sukhad Kailali.The Dhangadhi-Dadeldhura Highway would serve as the backbone for Kailali's development.Biogas contributes to the economic, environmental, and social sustainability of kailali. It is critical for the creation of enterprise and employment, as well as the production of slurry and compost fertilizer. Health and the environment, as well as a pleasant environment, all contribute to better enterprise integration.In terms of biogas unit distribution in Kailali, there are 571 units available.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 571
  • Total Area of District : 3,235 km²

5. Kaski

Kaski
Image Source: Radio Nepal

Kaski, a district of the Gandaki Province, has a total area of 2,017 square kilometers and is part of the Gandaki Province. The Kaski district, located in the Gandaki Zone, has its administrative headquarters in Pokhara and is part of Nepal's Western Development Region. The district includes parts of the Annapurna mountain range, and the breathtaking scenery of the mountains can be seen from a variety of locations throughout the district.A case study of Dhikur Pokhari V.D.C. of Kaski district was conducted, and it was discovered that out of a total of 120 biogas households, 30 households (25 percent) were chosen as sample households using simple random sampling.Small farmers with 10-20 Ropani land have the highest proportion of total biogas plant owners. Every household owns some livestock. The number of livestock in households with more than four is approximately 60%, with buffalo being kept in the majority of cases.To be specific,Tanahu district has 694 units of biogas distributed.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 573
  • Total Area of District : 2,017 km²

4. Chitawan

Chitawan
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

Chitwan is Nepal's second-largest city after Kathmandu. It had a population of 579,984 people in 2011 and a total area of 2,238.39 kilometers square . Bharatpur is South Central Nepal's commercial and service center, as well as a regional center for higher education, health care, and transportation.In 2010, the research was carried out in the Chitwan District's Padampur VDC which was conducted on a sample of 35 biogas users (14 percent of the installed plant). According to the study, the use of biogas energy saved 80 percent of the fuel wood and kerosene consumption and 50 percent of the electricity consumption in the households surveyed. More than 71% of biogas users saw an increase in agricultural production. Thus, the installation of biogas has resulted in some positive changes in health, hygiene, and sanitation, as well as increased household income. Chitwan has 575 biogas units installed, making it the fourth most biogas-distributed country in Nepal.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 575
  • Total Area of District : 2,238 km²

3. Makawanpur

Makawanpur
Image Source: The Kathmandu Post

Makwanpur District is one of Nepal's 77 districts and is located in the Bagmati Province in the southwestern corner of the Kathmandu district and is home to several must-see attractions. The district, which includes Hetauda as its district headquarters and the state capital, has a total area of 2,426 km2 (937 sq mi) and a population of 420,477 in 2011.Biogas is another promising and widely used renewable energy source in Makwanpur. Biogas's overall energy potential is projected to be 1,080.27 GJ per year. There are 16,969 dwellings with biogas potential, with 15,736 of them already installed.Makwanpur has the third highest number of biogas distribution units in Nepal, with 596 units distributed.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 596
  • Total Area of District : 2,426 km²

2. Tanahu

Tanahu
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

Tanahun District is one of Nepal's seventy-seven districts and is located in Gandaki Province. The district, which has its seat in Damauli, covers 1,546 km2 (597 sq mi) and had a population of 323,288 people in 2011. Its district headquarters used to be in the town of Bandipur. This district is located in Nepal's central region. Tanahun's postal code is 33900.The installation of biogas has had significant socioeconomic impacts in Nepal's western highlands, particularly in the Suklagandaki Municipality of Tanahun district. It is one of the most reliable alternative energy resources for cooking, particularly in Nepal's rural areas. According to a case study published by Nepal Journals, out of 40 biogas consumers sampled houses, more than 70% reported favorable changes in their socioeconomic conditions following the establishment of a biogas plant. As a result, Tanahu is the district with the second highest distribution of biogas units, with 694 units.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 694
  • Total Area of District : 1,546 km²

1. Jhapa

Jhapa
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

Jhapa is the easternmost district of Nepal's Province No. 1 situated in the fertile Terai plains.It is bordered on the north by Ilam, on the west by Morang, on the south by Bihar, and on the southeast and east by West Bengal. Jhapa’s total population is 812,650 people, according to the most recent official numbers, the 2011 Nepal Census. Around 40 biogas plants in the Jhapa and Banke districts were chosen for an in-depth evaluation of their overall status, as well as their impact on fuelwood costs and collection time savings. In August of 2008, field research was carried out.Ward No. 1 of Chandragadi VDC in Jhapa district was the scene of the investigation. In the current study, 30 houses with biogas plants were chosen as a sample from a total of 60 households with biogas plants. As a result, Jhapa is the district with the highest distribution of biogas units, with 707 units.

  • Number of Biogas Units : 707
  • Total Area of District : 1,606 km²