Top 10 Most Popular Programming Languages in 2023

Last updated on 2023-02-07
Top 10 Most Popular Programming Languages in 2023

A programming language is a set of instructions, symbols, and syntax that is used to create a computer program. These languages allow developers to write code that can be executed by a computer to perform specific tasks. Examples of popular programming languages include C++, Java, Python, and JavaScript. Each language has its own unique features and is used for different types of projects, such as web development, game development, and data analysis. Here are the Top 10 most popular programming languages of 2023 based on the number of job postings listed on job search sites and the average annual salary for those jobs.

***The data is ranked on the basis of research done by The Everest List.

10. Swift

Swift
Image Source: mdm

Swift is a general-purpose, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, iPadOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, and Linux. Swift is designed to work with Apple's Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks, and it's intended to be more resilient and readable than Objective-C. Swift is a modern, type-safe, and object-oriented language, and it is designed to be easy to read and write, with a focus on performance. It is often used for developing iOS, iPad, and macOS applications. Swift has a growing popularity in the industry, and its features are becoming more and more powerful, like SwiftUI, a framework for building user interfaces across all Apple platforms, and Swift Package Manager, a tool for managing the distribution of source code.

  • Number of jobs : 1,800
  • Average annual salary : Rs73000

9. R

R
Image Source: LinkedIn

R is a programming language and so statistical computing and graphics. It is widely used among statisticians and data scientists for developing statistical software and data analysis. It's an open-source programming language. R is also a great tool for data visualization, it provides many powerful libraries like ggplot2, lattice, and others, which makes user easy to create high-quality graphics and plots.

  • Number of jobs : 1,500
  • Average annual salary : Rs75000

8. Go

Go
Image Source: Softwebsolutions

Go, also known as Golang, is a programming language developed by Google in 2007. It is a modern, statically typed, and open-source language. Go is designed to be simple, efficient, and expressive, which focuses on readability and ease of use. Go is often used for developing systems software, such as distributed systems, networking, and cloud-based applications. It's also used for web development, data pipelines, and machine learning. Go has a growing popularity in the industry, and has been adopted by many companies, such as Uber, Netflix, and Dropbox, as well as by many open-source projects.

  • Number of jobs : 1,700
  • Average annual salary : Rs76000

7. PHP

PHP
Image Source: Hostinger

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a server-side, open-source, scripting language primarily used for web development. It is used to create dynamic web pages and web applications by embedding PHP code in HTML. PHP is widely used for creating web applications, such as content management systems (CMSs), e-commerce platforms, and forums. It is also commonly used as a backend language for web development in combination with front-end languages such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

  • Number of jobs : 7,000
  • Average annual salary : Rs81000

6. C++

C++
Image Source: Educative

C++ is an extension of the C programming language, which was developed in the early 1980s. It is considered a "mid-level" language and is known for its flexibility and ability to work directly with memory and system resources like C, but also provides additional features such as object-oriented programming (OOP) and template metaprogramming. C++ is widely used for developing operating systems, embedded systems, video games, simulations, and scientific and engineering applications. It is also used for developing large-scale, complex software systems, such as web browsers, databases, and other types of enterprise applications.

  • Number of jobs : 9,000
  • Average annual salary : Rs85000

5. C

C
Image Source: Wikipedia

C is a general-purpose, low-level programming language that was developed in the early 1970s. It is considered a "mid-level" language because it has features of both high-level and low-level languages. It is known for its efficiency and ability to work directly with memory and system resources. C is a procedural language, which means that it follows a top-down approach to programming. The program is divided into functions, and the flow of execution is determined by function calls. It also has a small and minimalistic syntax, which makes it easy to learn and understand.

  • Number of jobs : 8,000
  • Average annual salary : Rs97000

4. C#

C#
Image Source: Avenga

C# ("C-sharp") is a modern, object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft. It was first released in 2002 as part of the Microsoft .NET framework, and it's often used for building Windows desktop applications, video games, and web applications. One of the main features of C# is its strong support for object-oriented programming (OOP) concepts, such as encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism. C# is widely used in the development of Windows desktop applications, game development, enterprise applications, and web applications using the ASP.NET framework. It's also becoming increasingly popular for mobile app development using Xamarin, a cross-platform framework that allows sharing code between iOS, Android, and Windows.

  • Number of jobs : 18,000
  • Average annual salary : Rs97000

3. Java

Java
Image Source: Logos world

Java is a high-level, object-oriented programming language that is designed to be platform-independent, which means that code written in Java can run on multiple operating systems without modification. It was first developed by Sun Microsystems (now owned by Oracle) in the early 1990s and has since become one of the most widely-used programming languages in the world.

  • Number of jobs : 29,000
  • Average annual salary : RS104000

2. JavaScript

JavaScript
Image Source: bitsrc

JavaScript is a high-level, interpreted programming language that is primarily used for creating interactive front-end web applications.JavaScript is used to make web pages dynamic and interactive, and can also be used to create browser extensions, mobile apps, and more. One of the most important features of JavaScript is that it allows modification of the HTML and CSS on a web page in real time, which makes it a great tool for creating interactive user interfaces. JavaScript is also the language of the web, and almost all web browsers support it. Some popular JavaScript libraries and frameworks include React, Angular, and Vue.js.

  • Number of jobs : 24,000
  • Average annual salary : Rs118000

1. Python

Python
Image Source: ngoolie

Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language. It is known for its easy-to-read syntax, making it a great language for beginners to learn. Python is also very versatile and can be used for a wide variety of tasks such as web development, scientific computing, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and more. Python is often used in data science and machine learning, with popular libraries such as NumPy, Pandas, and Scikit-learn. It is also used to develop web applications using frameworks like Django and Flask.

  • Number of jobs : 19,000
  • Average annual salary : Rs200000

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page view count (for last 7 days) : 6

10. Swift

Swift
Image Source: mdm

Swift is a general-purpose, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, iPadOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, and Linux. Swift is designed to work with Apple's Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks, and it's intended to be more resilient and readable than Objective-C. Swift is a modern, type-safe, and object-oriented language, and it is designed to be easy to read and write, with a focus on performance. It is often used for developing iOS, iPad, and macOS applications. Swift has a growing popularity in the industry, and its features are becoming more and more powerful, like SwiftUI, a framework for building user interfaces across all Apple platforms, and Swift Package Manager, a tool for managing the distribution of source code.

  • Number of jobs : 1,800
  • Average annual salary : Rs73000

9. R

R
Image Source: LinkedIn

R is a programming language and so statistical computing and graphics. It is widely used among statisticians and data scientists for developing statistical software and data analysis. It's an open-source programming language. R is also a great tool for data visualization, it provides many powerful libraries like ggplot2, lattice, and others, which makes user easy to create high-quality graphics and plots.

  • Number of jobs : 1,500
  • Average annual salary : Rs75000

8. Go

Go
Image Source: Softwebsolutions

Go, also known as Golang, is a programming language developed by Google in 2007. It is a modern, statically typed, and open-source language. Go is designed to be simple, efficient, and expressive, which focuses on readability and ease of use. Go is often used for developing systems software, such as distributed systems, networking, and cloud-based applications. It's also used for web development, data pipelines, and machine learning. Go has a growing popularity in the industry, and has been adopted by many companies, such as Uber, Netflix, and Dropbox, as well as by many open-source projects.

  • Number of jobs : 1,700
  • Average annual salary : Rs76000

7. PHP

PHP
Image Source: Hostinger

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a server-side, open-source, scripting language primarily used for web development. It is used to create dynamic web pages and web applications by embedding PHP code in HTML. PHP is widely used for creating web applications, such as content management systems (CMSs), e-commerce platforms, and forums. It is also commonly used as a backend language for web development in combination with front-end languages such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

  • Number of jobs : 7,000
  • Average annual salary : Rs81000

6. C++

C++
Image Source: Educative

C++ is an extension of the C programming language, which was developed in the early 1980s. It is considered a "mid-level" language and is known for its flexibility and ability to work directly with memory and system resources like C, but also provides additional features such as object-oriented programming (OOP) and template metaprogramming. C++ is widely used for developing operating systems, embedded systems, video games, simulations, and scientific and engineering applications. It is also used for developing large-scale, complex software systems, such as web browsers, databases, and other types of enterprise applications.

  • Number of jobs : 9,000
  • Average annual salary : Rs85000

5. C

C
Image Source: Wikipedia

C is a general-purpose, low-level programming language that was developed in the early 1970s. It is considered a "mid-level" language because it has features of both high-level and low-level languages. It is known for its efficiency and ability to work directly with memory and system resources. C is a procedural language, which means that it follows a top-down approach to programming. The program is divided into functions, and the flow of execution is determined by function calls. It also has a small and minimalistic syntax, which makes it easy to learn and understand.

  • Number of jobs : 8,000
  • Average annual salary : Rs97000

4. C#

C#
Image Source: Avenga

C# ("C-sharp") is a modern, object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft. It was first released in 2002 as part of the Microsoft .NET framework, and it's often used for building Windows desktop applications, video games, and web applications. One of the main features of C# is its strong support for object-oriented programming (OOP) concepts, such as encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism. C# is widely used in the development of Windows desktop applications, game development, enterprise applications, and web applications using the ASP.NET framework. It's also becoming increasingly popular for mobile app development using Xamarin, a cross-platform framework that allows sharing code between iOS, Android, and Windows.

  • Number of jobs : 18,000
  • Average annual salary : Rs97000

3. Java

Java
Image Source: Logos world

Java is a high-level, object-oriented programming language that is designed to be platform-independent, which means that code written in Java can run on multiple operating systems without modification. It was first developed by Sun Microsystems (now owned by Oracle) in the early 1990s and has since become one of the most widely-used programming languages in the world.

  • Number of jobs : 29,000
  • Average annual salary : RS104000

2. JavaScript

JavaScript
Image Source: bitsrc

JavaScript is a high-level, interpreted programming language that is primarily used for creating interactive front-end web applications.JavaScript is used to make web pages dynamic and interactive, and can also be used to create browser extensions, mobile apps, and more. One of the most important features of JavaScript is that it allows modification of the HTML and CSS on a web page in real time, which makes it a great tool for creating interactive user interfaces. JavaScript is also the language of the web, and almost all web browsers support it. Some popular JavaScript libraries and frameworks include React, Angular, and Vue.js.

  • Number of jobs : 24,000
  • Average annual salary : Rs118000

1. Python

Python
Image Source: ngoolie

Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language. It is known for its easy-to-read syntax, making it a great language for beginners to learn. Python is also very versatile and can be used for a wide variety of tasks such as web development, scientific computing, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and more. Python is often used in data science and machine learning, with popular libraries such as NumPy, Pandas, and Scikit-learn. It is also used to develop web applications using frameworks like Django and Flask.

  • Number of jobs : 19,000
  • Average annual salary : Rs200000

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