Top 10 Parties With The Highest Number Of Votes In The General Election Of 2017

Last updated on 2022-09-25
Top 10 Parties With The Highest Number Of Votes In The General Election Of 2017

Currently, there are over 19 major political parties enlisted in Nepal. In the political climate today the 6 major National Parties garner the majority of support from the public. Among them, the Communist Party of Nepal (UML/ ‘Emale’) holds most of the seats in the Federal Parliament followed by Nepali Congress. Congress is in turn closely followed by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist/ ‘Maobadhi’). With the upcoming elections on our heels, the list here details the parties who amassed the highest number of votes in the previous election.

*The ranking is done based done the research done by The Everest List with the help of the Election Commission Of Nepal.

10. Rastriya Janamorcha

Rastriya Janamorcha
Image Source: Khulamancha

National People’s Front or Rastriya Janamorcha Party is a communist political party founded in 1995. The party originated as the legal front of The Communist Party of Nepal (Masal). Since the party faced many splits the Rastra Janamorcha Party itself was re-established as the legal front for the communist party of Nepal led by Mohan Bikram Singh in 2006 after splitting from Janamorcha Nepal. The party is most prevalent in Baglung and Pyuthan.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 62,133
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 0.65
  • Seats Accquired : 0

9. Naya Shakti Party, Nepal

Naya Shakti Party, Nepal
Image Source: Wikimedia

The Naya Shakti Party was founded by the former Prime Minister Mr. Baburam Bhattarai on June 12, 2016. The party vied for the 2017 elections for the first time, running a joint campaign with the Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal (FSFN) using their symbol, a hand holding a fire. In the third phase of the election, however, the party broke off their alliance and used their own symbol the eye. The party won 110 seats in the local government, two in mayoral posts/ chairman posts.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 81,837
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 0.86
  • Seats Accquired : 0

8. Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Democratic)

Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Democratic)
Image Source: Wikimedia

The Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Democratic) was split from the Rastriya Prajatantra Party following Pashupati SJB (Shumser Jung Bahadur) Rana after his disagreements with Chairman Kamal Thapa about joining the government. RPP (Democratic) had formed with 18 initial members to the Legislature-Parliament of Nepal from the Rastriya Prajatantra Party. The party joined the Sher Bahadur Deuba-led government on 10th September 2017. In the 2017 legislative and provincial elections, the party did not win any seat in the House of Representatives. The party did win a single seat to the Provincial Assembly of Province No. 3 however through proportional representation. The party merged into Rastriya Prajatantra Party on March 12th, 2020.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 88,377
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 0.93
  • Seats Accquired : 0

7. Rastriya Prajatantra Party

Rastriya Prajatantra Party
Image Source: Wikimedia

The Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP) is a Hindu nationalist and constitutional monarchist political party in Nepal. Former prime ministers Surya Bahadur Thapa and Lokendra Bahadur Chand, who each served two terms since the end of the Rastriya Panchayat, founded it. During the 1990s, the party played an important role as the third political front after the Nepali Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal (UML). Surya Bahadur Thapa was chosen as the party's chairman at its first general convention in Kathmandu in 1992. Lokendra Bahadur Chand was chosen leader, while Rajeshwor Devkota was elected co-chairman. The party got 18 percent of the vote in the 1994 elections and gained 20 members in the House of Representatives, making it the third-largest party in the legislature.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 196,782
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 2.06
  • Seats Accquired : 0

6. Bibeksheel Sajha Party

Bibeksheel Sajha Party
Image Source: Online Khabar

Currently the 5th largest party in the Bagmati provincial assembly, the party was formed on 26th April 2017 by merging the Bibeksheel Nepal Dal and the Sajha Party. The party split on 11th January 2019 but formed again on 9th December 2020, based on the ideology of the document, ‘Changing Course: Nation Above Notion’. The document by President Rabindra Mishra proposes the abolition of federalism and promotes secularism. In the 2017 legislative elections, the party contested 60 seats but won none. The founder and leader of the party Rabindra Mishra lost in Kathmandu to Nepali Congress leader, Prakash Man Singh by a margin of just 818 votes.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 212,366
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 2.22
  • Seats Accquired : 0

5. Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal

Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal
Image Source: Wikimedia

Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal, or FSFN was formed on 15th June 2015. The merger of the Madhesi Jana Adhikar Forum, Nepal, the Federal Socialist Party Nepal, and the Khas Samabeshi Party. On 14th June 2015, the 3 parties announced that they were to merge on 15th June 2015. The parties merged in order to intensify their efforts to revitalize the fading Madhesi and Janajati movements in Nepal. Upendra Yadav and Rajendra Shrestha were the co-chairs of the party and Ashok Rai was the parliamentary party leader of FSFN. After the 2017 elections, the party merged with Naya Shakti Party, Nepal to form Samajbadi Party, Nepal on 6th May 2019.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 470,201
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 4.93
  • Seats Accquired : 6

4. Rastriya Janata Party Nepal

Rastriya Janata Party Nepal
Image Source: The Himalayan Times

The Rastriya Janata Party Nepal or RJPN was the 4th largest political party in Nepal. The party was formed on 21st April 2017 by the merger of 6 of the 7 constituents of the United Democratic Madhesi Front. The 6 parties in the front are namely; Terai Madhes Loktantrik Party, Sadbhavana Party, Nepal Sadbhawana Party, Terai Madhes Sadbhawana Party, and Madhesi Jana Adhikar Forum (Republican), and the Rastriya Madhesh Samajwadi Party. The party was originally formed on the 14th of April by the name, Rastriya Janata Party but had to rename itself RPJN due to another party having the same name. The party changed its name on the 27th and bid to represent the whole Terai region. With Mr. Mahanta Thakur as their chairperson, the party had the second-highest candidates elected in Province No. 2 with 1,112 candidates being elected, winning 25 mayoral posts. The party merged with Samajbadi Party, Nepal to form Janata Samajbadi Party, Nepal on 22nd April 2020.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 472,254
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 4.95
  • Seats Accquired : 6

3. Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)
Image Source: Wikimedia

The Communist Organization of Nepal (Maoist Centre), often known as CPN (Maoist), CPN-Maoist, CPN Maoist, or CPN (M), is Nepal's third most powerful political party. It was created in 1994 after the Communist Party of Nepal split apart (Unity Centre). From 2008 to 2009 and 2016 to 2017 under Pushpa Kamal Dahal, and from 2013 to 2015 under Baburam Bhattarai, the party governed three governments. Until 2009, the party was known as the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), and until 2016, it was known as the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). In 2008, the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) won 220 of the 575 elected seats in the Constituent Assembly, making it the largest party in the country. The party gained 80 out of 575 elected seats in the Constituent Assembly of Nepal in the 2013 elections, making it the third-largest party in the country.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 1,303,721
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 13.66
  • Seats Accquired : 17

2. Nepali Congress

Nepali Congress
Image Source: Nepal News

Nepal's largest social-democratic political party is the Nepali Congress (NC). Since July 2021, it has been Nepal's ruling party. The party retains its position as Nepal's largest political party by membership, with over one million active members. NC achieved a majority administration after three elections in 1959, 1991, and 1999, making it the only party in Nepal to be elected with a majority. Similarly, in the 2013 Constituent Assembly election, it emerged as the single largest party, and it played a key role in the proclamation of Nepal's Constitution in 2015. Furthermore, as part of the party's commitment to democracy in Nepal, the Nepali Congress-led administration organized all of the country's elections. The Nepali National Congress and the Nepal Democratic Congress merged in 1950 to establish the Democratic Socialist Party of Nepal. Between the collapse of the Rana monarchy and the commencement of the Panchayat era, NC prime ministers led four ministries, including Nepal's first democratically elected government after the 1959 general election. Beginning in the 1990s, the party moved closer to the political center through the Third Way, following other major, center-left social democratic parties.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 3,128,389
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 32.78
  • Seats Accquired : 40

1. Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)

Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Image Source: Recent Fusion

On July 18, 2021, 22 members of the party's House of Representatives defied the party whip and voted for Sher Bahadur Deuba as Prime Minister. Former Prime Ministers Madhav Kumar Nepal and KP Sharma Oli have a feud over Madhav's faction's support for the administration despite the fact that his party is in opposition. Madhav Kumar established the Communist Party of Nepal on August 18, 2021. (Unified Socialist). Former Prime Minister Jhalanatha Khanal, as well as party vice presidents and as many as 31 members of Parliament, have joined the new party. This resulted in a rift between the party's top and lower-level committees.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 3,173,494
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 33.25
  • Seats Accquired : 41

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10. Rastriya Janamorcha

Rastriya Janamorcha
Image Source: Khulamancha

National People’s Front or Rastriya Janamorcha Party is a communist political party founded in 1995. The party originated as the legal front of The Communist Party of Nepal (Masal). Since the party faced many splits the Rastra Janamorcha Party itself was re-established as the legal front for the communist party of Nepal led by Mohan Bikram Singh in 2006 after splitting from Janamorcha Nepal. The party is most prevalent in Baglung and Pyuthan.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 62,133
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 0.65
  • Seats Accquired : 0

9. Naya Shakti Party, Nepal

Naya Shakti Party, Nepal
Image Source: Wikimedia

The Naya Shakti Party was founded by the former Prime Minister Mr. Baburam Bhattarai on June 12, 2016. The party vied for the 2017 elections for the first time, running a joint campaign with the Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal (FSFN) using their symbol, a hand holding a fire. In the third phase of the election, however, the party broke off their alliance and used their own symbol the eye. The party won 110 seats in the local government, two in mayoral posts/ chairman posts.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 81,837
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 0.86
  • Seats Accquired : 0

8. Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Democratic)

Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Democratic)
Image Source: Wikimedia

The Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Democratic) was split from the Rastriya Prajatantra Party following Pashupati SJB (Shumser Jung Bahadur) Rana after his disagreements with Chairman Kamal Thapa about joining the government. RPP (Democratic) had formed with 18 initial members to the Legislature-Parliament of Nepal from the Rastriya Prajatantra Party. The party joined the Sher Bahadur Deuba-led government on 10th September 2017. In the 2017 legislative and provincial elections, the party did not win any seat in the House of Representatives. The party did win a single seat to the Provincial Assembly of Province No. 3 however through proportional representation. The party merged into Rastriya Prajatantra Party on March 12th, 2020.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 88,377
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 0.93
  • Seats Accquired : 0

7. Rastriya Prajatantra Party

Rastriya Prajatantra Party
Image Source: Wikimedia

The Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP) is a Hindu nationalist and constitutional monarchist political party in Nepal. Former prime ministers Surya Bahadur Thapa and Lokendra Bahadur Chand, who each served two terms since the end of the Rastriya Panchayat, founded it. During the 1990s, the party played an important role as the third political front after the Nepali Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal (UML). Surya Bahadur Thapa was chosen as the party's chairman at its first general convention in Kathmandu in 1992. Lokendra Bahadur Chand was chosen leader, while Rajeshwor Devkota was elected co-chairman. The party got 18 percent of the vote in the 1994 elections and gained 20 members in the House of Representatives, making it the third-largest party in the legislature.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 196,782
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 2.06
  • Seats Accquired : 0

6. Bibeksheel Sajha Party

Bibeksheel Sajha Party
Image Source: Online Khabar

Currently the 5th largest party in the Bagmati provincial assembly, the party was formed on 26th April 2017 by merging the Bibeksheel Nepal Dal and the Sajha Party. The party split on 11th January 2019 but formed again on 9th December 2020, based on the ideology of the document, ‘Changing Course: Nation Above Notion’. The document by President Rabindra Mishra proposes the abolition of federalism and promotes secularism. In the 2017 legislative elections, the party contested 60 seats but won none. The founder and leader of the party Rabindra Mishra lost in Kathmandu to Nepali Congress leader, Prakash Man Singh by a margin of just 818 votes.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 212,366
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 2.22
  • Seats Accquired : 0

5. Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal

Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal
Image Source: Wikimedia

Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal, or FSFN was formed on 15th June 2015. The merger of the Madhesi Jana Adhikar Forum, Nepal, the Federal Socialist Party Nepal, and the Khas Samabeshi Party. On 14th June 2015, the 3 parties announced that they were to merge on 15th June 2015. The parties merged in order to intensify their efforts to revitalize the fading Madhesi and Janajati movements in Nepal. Upendra Yadav and Rajendra Shrestha were the co-chairs of the party and Ashok Rai was the parliamentary party leader of FSFN. After the 2017 elections, the party merged with Naya Shakti Party, Nepal to form Samajbadi Party, Nepal on 6th May 2019.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 470,201
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 4.93
  • Seats Accquired : 6

4. Rastriya Janata Party Nepal

Rastriya Janata Party Nepal
Image Source: The Himalayan Times

The Rastriya Janata Party Nepal or RJPN was the 4th largest political party in Nepal. The party was formed on 21st April 2017 by the merger of 6 of the 7 constituents of the United Democratic Madhesi Front. The 6 parties in the front are namely; Terai Madhes Loktantrik Party, Sadbhavana Party, Nepal Sadbhawana Party, Terai Madhes Sadbhawana Party, and Madhesi Jana Adhikar Forum (Republican), and the Rastriya Madhesh Samajwadi Party. The party was originally formed on the 14th of April by the name, Rastriya Janata Party but had to rename itself RPJN due to another party having the same name. The party changed its name on the 27th and bid to represent the whole Terai region. With Mr. Mahanta Thakur as their chairperson, the party had the second-highest candidates elected in Province No. 2 with 1,112 candidates being elected, winning 25 mayoral posts. The party merged with Samajbadi Party, Nepal to form Janata Samajbadi Party, Nepal on 22nd April 2020.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 472,254
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 4.95
  • Seats Accquired : 6

3. Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)
Image Source: Wikimedia

The Communist Organization of Nepal (Maoist Centre), often known as CPN (Maoist), CPN-Maoist, CPN Maoist, or CPN (M), is Nepal's third most powerful political party. It was created in 1994 after the Communist Party of Nepal split apart (Unity Centre). From 2008 to 2009 and 2016 to 2017 under Pushpa Kamal Dahal, and from 2013 to 2015 under Baburam Bhattarai, the party governed three governments. Until 2009, the party was known as the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), and until 2016, it was known as the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). In 2008, the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) won 220 of the 575 elected seats in the Constituent Assembly, making it the largest party in the country. The party gained 80 out of 575 elected seats in the Constituent Assembly of Nepal in the 2013 elections, making it the third-largest party in the country.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 1,303,721
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 13.66
  • Seats Accquired : 17

2. Nepali Congress

Nepali Congress
Image Source: Nepal News

Nepal's largest social-democratic political party is the Nepali Congress (NC). Since July 2021, it has been Nepal's ruling party. The party retains its position as Nepal's largest political party by membership, with over one million active members. NC achieved a majority administration after three elections in 1959, 1991, and 1999, making it the only party in Nepal to be elected with a majority. Similarly, in the 2013 Constituent Assembly election, it emerged as the single largest party, and it played a key role in the proclamation of Nepal's Constitution in 2015. Furthermore, as part of the party's commitment to democracy in Nepal, the Nepali Congress-led administration organized all of the country's elections. The Nepali National Congress and the Nepal Democratic Congress merged in 1950 to establish the Democratic Socialist Party of Nepal. Between the collapse of the Rana monarchy and the commencement of the Panchayat era, NC prime ministers led four ministries, including Nepal's first democratically elected government after the 1959 general election. Beginning in the 1990s, the party moved closer to the political center through the Third Way, following other major, center-left social democratic parties.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 3,128,389
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 32.78
  • Seats Accquired : 40

1. Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)

Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Image Source: Recent Fusion

On July 18, 2021, 22 members of the party's House of Representatives defied the party whip and voted for Sher Bahadur Deuba as Prime Minister. Former Prime Ministers Madhav Kumar Nepal and KP Sharma Oli have a feud over Madhav's faction's support for the administration despite the fact that his party is in opposition. Madhav Kumar established the Communist Party of Nepal on August 18, 2021. (Unified Socialist). Former Prime Minister Jhalanatha Khanal, as well as party vice presidents and as many as 31 members of Parliament, have joined the new party. This resulted in a rift between the party's top and lower-level committees.

  • No. of Votes Recieved : 3,173,494
  • Percentage of Votes Gained : 33.25
  • Seats Accquired : 41