2. Nepali Congress
Image Source: Nepal News
Nepal's largest social-democratic political party is the Nepali Congress (NC). Since July 2021, it has been Nepal's ruling party. The party retains its position as Nepal's largest political party by membership, with over one million active members. NC achieved a majority administration after three elections in 1959, 1991, and 1999, making it the only party in Nepal to be elected with a majority. Similarly, in the 2013 Constituent Assembly election, it emerged as the single largest party, and it played a key role in the proclamation of Nepal's Constitution in 2015. Furthermore, as part of the party's commitment to democracy in Nepal, the Nepali Congress-led administration organized all of the country's elections. The Nepali National Congress and the Nepal Democratic Congress merged in 1950 to establish the Democratic Socialist Party of Nepal. Between the collapse of the Rana monarchy and the commencement of the Panchayat era, NC prime ministers led four ministries, including Nepal's first democratically elected government after the 1959 general election. Beginning in the 1990s, the party moved closer to the political center through the Third Way, following other major, center-left social democratic parties.