Top 10 Problems Faced By Nepalese People

Last updated on 2022-08-11
Top 10 Problems Faced By Nepalese People

Nepal is one of the world's impoverished countries. There are several issues and evils in the country. Nepalese people are dealing with a slew of societal issues, including corruption, inflation, high taxes, the country's deteriorating economic situation, and limited access to health care. In this article, we have listed the top 10 problems faced by Nepalese People In Nepal.

*The ranking is done based on the research done by The Everest List with the help of Kathmandu University School Of Arts.

10. Poor Access to Health Services

Poor Access to Health Services
Image Source: Vecteezy

A vast network of medical institutions, volunteers, and community workers make up Nepal's health system. With a large difference between urban households (85.9 percent) and rural households (59 percent), just 61.8% of Nepalese families have access to health services within 30 minutes. Interventions at the population level are urgently needed to address health service obstacles. In general, death rates are greater in rural than in urban areas, especially in mountainous locations, because of the lack of health facilities and the difficult terrain. However, rural regions in Nepal have seen more dramatic declines in under-5 mortality over the period of 15 years, with fatalities falling by more than 50%.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 13.90%

9. Worsening Political Situation of the Country

Worsening Political Situation of the Country
Image Source: Vecteezy

Domestic politics in Nepal have undergone a huge and dramatic change. President Bidhya Devi Bhandari dissolved the House of Representatives on December 20, 2020, on the advice of Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli, and called early elections for April and May of 2021. The Nepal Communist Party (NCP), which is in power, had a significant internal split that threatened to remove Oli from office. A constitutional crisis might arise if elections are not held within six months of the date of dissolution. In light of these circumstances, the Nepalese people chose political instability as one of the top 10 issues affecting their countrymen.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 14.40%

8. Inadequate Drinking Water Supply

Inadequate Drinking Water Supply
Image Source: Vecteezy

According to the Department of Water Supply and Sewage, around 80% of the Nepalese population has access to drinking water. Still the available resource is not adequately sanitized while more than 5.8 million people have limited or no access to drinking water at all. People in rural areas have to travel miles to get water from natural resources. The available drinking water is often polluted as the country faces mass outbreaks of Cholera, E Coli, Typhoid every monsoon season. Without proper infrastructure for sanitization and distribution of drinking water and unmanaged waste disposal, the country at large still suffers from having inadequate drinking water supply

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 14.60%

7. Worsening Economic Status of the Country

Worsening Economic Status of the Country
Image Source: Vecteezy

Nepal's economy is at the developing stage and is heavily reliant on agriculture and remittances. Remittances from overseas employees account for 9.1 percent of GDP. As a result, Nepal's economic development in social services and infrastructure has been slow. Nepal has a lower cost of living index than many other nations, although it is not the lowest. In recent years, the quality of living has dropped to a considerably less desirable level.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 15.60%

6. Degrading Road Conditions

Degrading Road Conditions
Image Source: Vecteezy

Nepal's roads are in deterioration and lack basic safety elements, resulting in a high incidence of accidents and fatalities. Motorcycle fatalities have increased drastically in recent years. Traffic bottlenecks are typical on key streets in Kathmandu, especially between 9:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m., because most workplaces in Kathmandu are open from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Traffic is inadequately managed, and the number of cars on the road continues to grow faster than infrastructural upgrades.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 17.10%

5. Increasing Poverty

Increasing Poverty
Image Source: Vecteezy

Nepal is one of the world's poorest and least developed countries. The country is still in its early stages of democracy. It is emerging from a politically and socially unstable post-conflict phase. Its people have worked tirelessly to eradicate poverty in Nepal. Gender, social group, and geographic location are all important determinants in a person's ability to break the cycle of poverty.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 18.60%

4. Job Scarcity

Job Scarcity
Image Source: Vecteezy

Nepal has a population of 26.5 million people, which is rapidly rising, making it a young country with 63.7 percent of the total population under the age of 30. The young unemployment rate is 19.2 percent, compared to 2.7 percent for the general population. A substantial number of workers, particularly young people, have chosen for foreign migration in pursuit of greater pay and job dignity.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 35.50%

3. High Taxes

High Taxes
Image Source: Vecteezy

In Nepal, inflation has grown widespread in recent years. The income tax is Rs. 5,00,000 per annum for a person who is unmarried and Rs. 6,00,000 per annum for married couples. Previously is was Rs. 4 lakhs per annum for unmarried and Rs. 4.50 lakhs per annum for married couples. In the fiscal year the government has increased the limit of direct tax.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 37.90%

2. Inflation

Inflation
Image Source: Vecteezy

Inflation is defined as a decline in the buying power of money, which is represented in a rise in the cost of goods and services in an economy. In Nepal, the consumer price inflation rate has ranged between -3.1 percent and 19.8 percent over the last 56 years. A 4.1 percent inflation rate was projected for 2021.During the monitoring period from 1965 to 2021, the average annual inflation rate was 8.0 percent. The whole price increase was 6,849.74 percent. An item that cost 100 Rupee in 1965 cost 6,949.74 Rupee at the start of 2022. According to a nationwide survey, around 43.20 percent of respondents ranked inflation as the country's second most significant concern.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 43.20%

1. Corruption

Corruption
Image Source: vecteezy

Corruption is as old as humanity itself. It exists in both the public and commercial sectors, as well as for profit and non-profit companies and philanthropic organizations. Corruption is pervasive in Nepal, affecting every area from the government to the courts, police, health care, and education. Nepal is ranked 117 on Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index for 2021, unchanged from its place in 2020. Corruption is caused by a poor governance structure, ineffective incentives, and a weak civil society. According to a study conducted throughout the country, around 51.09 percent of respondents chose corruption to be the country's most serious problem, resulting in the highest score.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 51.90%

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10. Poor Access to Health Services

Poor Access to Health Services
Image Source: Vecteezy

A vast network of medical institutions, volunteers, and community workers make up Nepal's health system. With a large difference between urban households (85.9 percent) and rural households (59 percent), just 61.8% of Nepalese families have access to health services within 30 minutes. Interventions at the population level are urgently needed to address health service obstacles. In general, death rates are greater in rural than in urban areas, especially in mountainous locations, because of the lack of health facilities and the difficult terrain. However, rural regions in Nepal have seen more dramatic declines in under-5 mortality over the period of 15 years, with fatalities falling by more than 50%.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 13.90%

9. Worsening Political Situation of the Country

Worsening Political Situation of the Country
Image Source: Vecteezy

Domestic politics in Nepal have undergone a huge and dramatic change. President Bidhya Devi Bhandari dissolved the House of Representatives on December 20, 2020, on the advice of Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli, and called early elections for April and May of 2021. The Nepal Communist Party (NCP), which is in power, had a significant internal split that threatened to remove Oli from office. A constitutional crisis might arise if elections are not held within six months of the date of dissolution. In light of these circumstances, the Nepalese people chose political instability as one of the top 10 issues affecting their countrymen.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 14.40%

8. Inadequate Drinking Water Supply

Inadequate Drinking Water Supply
Image Source: Vecteezy

According to the Department of Water Supply and Sewage, around 80% of the Nepalese population has access to drinking water. Still the available resource is not adequately sanitized while more than 5.8 million people have limited or no access to drinking water at all. People in rural areas have to travel miles to get water from natural resources. The available drinking water is often polluted as the country faces mass outbreaks of Cholera, E Coli, Typhoid every monsoon season. Without proper infrastructure for sanitization and distribution of drinking water and unmanaged waste disposal, the country at large still suffers from having inadequate drinking water supply

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 14.60%

7. Worsening Economic Status of the Country

Worsening Economic Status of the Country
Image Source: Vecteezy

Nepal's economy is at the developing stage and is heavily reliant on agriculture and remittances. Remittances from overseas employees account for 9.1 percent of GDP. As a result, Nepal's economic development in social services and infrastructure has been slow. Nepal has a lower cost of living index than many other nations, although it is not the lowest. In recent years, the quality of living has dropped to a considerably less desirable level.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 15.60%

6. Degrading Road Conditions

Degrading Road Conditions
Image Source: Vecteezy

Nepal's roads are in deterioration and lack basic safety elements, resulting in a high incidence of accidents and fatalities. Motorcycle fatalities have increased drastically in recent years. Traffic bottlenecks are typical on key streets in Kathmandu, especially between 9:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m., because most workplaces in Kathmandu are open from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Traffic is inadequately managed, and the number of cars on the road continues to grow faster than infrastructural upgrades.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 17.10%

5. Increasing Poverty

Increasing Poverty
Image Source: Vecteezy

Nepal is one of the world's poorest and least developed countries. The country is still in its early stages of democracy. It is emerging from a politically and socially unstable post-conflict phase. Its people have worked tirelessly to eradicate poverty in Nepal. Gender, social group, and geographic location are all important determinants in a person's ability to break the cycle of poverty.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 18.60%

4. Job Scarcity

Job Scarcity
Image Source: Vecteezy

Nepal has a population of 26.5 million people, which is rapidly rising, making it a young country with 63.7 percent of the total population under the age of 30. The young unemployment rate is 19.2 percent, compared to 2.7 percent for the general population. A substantial number of workers, particularly young people, have chosen for foreign migration in pursuit of greater pay and job dignity.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 35.50%

3. High Taxes

High Taxes
Image Source: Vecteezy

In Nepal, inflation has grown widespread in recent years. The income tax is Rs. 5,00,000 per annum for a person who is unmarried and Rs. 6,00,000 per annum for married couples. Previously is was Rs. 4 lakhs per annum for unmarried and Rs. 4.50 lakhs per annum for married couples. In the fiscal year the government has increased the limit of direct tax.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 37.90%

2. Inflation

Inflation
Image Source: Vecteezy

Inflation is defined as a decline in the buying power of money, which is represented in a rise in the cost of goods and services in an economy. In Nepal, the consumer price inflation rate has ranged between -3.1 percent and 19.8 percent over the last 56 years. A 4.1 percent inflation rate was projected for 2021.During the monitoring period from 1965 to 2021, the average annual inflation rate was 8.0 percent. The whole price increase was 6,849.74 percent. An item that cost 100 Rupee in 1965 cost 6,949.74 Rupee at the start of 2022. According to a nationwide survey, around 43.20 percent of respondents ranked inflation as the country's second most significant concern.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 43.20%

1. Corruption

Corruption
Image Source: vecteezy

Corruption is as old as humanity itself. It exists in both the public and commercial sectors, as well as for profit and non-profit companies and philanthropic organizations. Corruption is pervasive in Nepal, affecting every area from the government to the courts, police, health care, and education. Nepal is ranked 117 on Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index for 2021, unchanged from its place in 2020. Corruption is caused by a poor governance structure, ineffective incentives, and a weak civil society. According to a study conducted throughout the country, around 51.09 percent of respondents chose corruption to be the country's most serious problem, resulting in the highest score.

  • Voted Biggest Problem of the Country : 51.90%

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