Top Metropolitan Cities

Last updated on 2022-09-25
Top Metropolitan Cities

A Metropolitan area is a region consisting of common administrative jurisdiction, industries, commercial area, transportation, etc., for its densely populated as well as its surrounding less-populated territories. Most metropolitan areas are anchored by one core which helps govern the activities to be conducted by the whole metropolitan area. At present, there are 6 metropolitan cities in Nepal that have been of great importance for the development of the whole Nation. Here we have listed the top Metropolitan Cities of Nepal.

*The ranking is done on the basis of the yearly budget of 2078 B.S.

6. Bharatpur Metropolitan City

Bharatpur Metropolitan City
Image Source: The Rising Nepal

Bharatpur Metropolitan City lies in Nepal's south-central region. It is the district capital of the Chitwan District and Nepal's second-largest metropolitan metropolis in terms of land area and fourth-largest in terms of population. Bharatpur is one of the most rapidly developing cities in Nepal. It is the commercial center of the Chitwan district and Nepal's central area and is located on the western bank of the Narayani River. For the fiscal year 2020/2021, the Bharatpur Metropolitan City has a budget of 4.15 billion rupees.

  • Total Budget in billions : 4.15
  • Total Number of wards : 14

5. Biratnagar Metropolitan city

Biratnagar Metropolitan city
Image Source: Online Khabar

Biratnagar, one of the six metropolitan cities of Nepal also serves as the capital of Province 1. It was declared a metropolitan city on 22 May 2017 and is also considered the Industrial capital of Nepal. The city consists of multiple large-scale industries which are considered as the first industries to be ever established in Nepal. For the fiscal year 2020/2021, Biratnagar Metropolitan City has a budget of 3.37 billion.

  • Total Budget in billions : 3.37
  • Total Number of wards : 19

4. Birgunj Metropolitan City

Birgunj Metropolitan City
Image Source: The Himalayan Times

Birgunj metropolitan city falls under Parsa District and is the largest city in all of Province Number 2. Birgunj is also known as the “Commercial capital of Nepal”. Birgunj is one of the first three municipalities ever formed in Nepal. The city has a huge economic importance as it is an ideal location for trade between Nepal and India. For the fiscal year 2020/2021, Birgunj Metropolitan City has a budget of 3.86 billion.

  • Total Budget in billions : 3.86
  • Total Number of wards : 19

3. Lalitpur Metropolitan city

Lalitpur Metropolitan city
Image Source: The Kathmandu Post

Lalitpur Metropolitan City is the third biggest city in Nepal after Kathmandu and Pokhara. It is located in the south-central portion of Kathmandu Valley. It is well recognized for its rich cultural legacy, notably its arts and crafts culture. It is well-known for its festivals and feasts, exquisite antique art, and the creation of metallic and stone-carved sculptures. For the fiscal year 2020/2021, Lalitpur Metropolitan City has a budget of 5.17 billion.

  • Total Budget in billions : 5.17
  • Total Number of wards : 29

2. Pokhara Metropolitan City

Pokhara Metropolitan City
Image Source: Online Khabar

Pokhara Metropolitan City is the second-largest city in terms of population after Kathmandu Metropolitan City. The City is surrounded by Madi Rural Municipality and Rupa Rural Municipality in the East, Annapurna Rural Municipality, Parbat and Syanja District on the West, Machhapuchhre and Madi Rural Municipality on the North, and Syangja and Tanahu on the South. Pokhara is the headquarters of the city in the Gandaki Province of Nepal. The city is filled with majestic beauty and is considered a graceful place filled with the abundant beauty of the Annapurna Himalayan Range and its reflection on the Phewa Lake. The city holds a panoramic view of Dhaulagiri, Annapurna, and Manaslu with multiple museums, medieval temples, and monasteries and is considered one of the gateways for the Annapurna region Trekking. With their main focus on the control and prevention of the Covid-19 crisis, a continuation of risk allowance of frontline health workers, provision of various types of tax exclusion, and relief to entrepreneurs affected by Covid, Pokhara Metropolitan City has allocated Rs. 6.27 Billion for the year 2078/79. Out of the total budget, Rs. 2.90 Billion has been allocated for current expenditure and Rs. 3.36 Billion for the capital expenditure. Furthermore, Rs. 100 Million budget has also been granted for the establishment of quarantine facilities and isolation centers in coordination with the District Coordination Committee. This year the metropolis has prioritized the control and prevention of Covid-19, safety, and security of people, promotion of good governance, and development of institutional capacity.

  • Total Budget in billions : 6.19
  • Total Number of wards : 33

1. Kathmandu Metropolitan City

Kathmandu Metropolitan City
Image Source: The Kathmandu Post

Kathmandu Metropolitan City is a bowl-shaped valley in central Nepal and is bordered by four major mountains- Shivapuri, Phulchowki, Nagarjun, and Chandragiri. It is the eldest metropolitan city of the country and is in the urban core of the Kathmandu valley in the Himalayas, with the sister cities Patan in its south and Bhaktapur in its east. The city holds a premier cultural and economical value of Nepal and is considered to have acclaimed the most advanced infrastructure among other urban areas in the country. With their main focus to fight against the Covid-19 pandemic and make the City virus-free, Kathmandu Metropolitan City has allocated a budget of Rs. 18.9 Billion in the current year. The budget has been categorized to be used for five different aspects, with the highest share of Rs. 10.5 being allocated to the infrastructural development. The city has further granted Rs 3.7 Billion for the administrative sector and Rs. 2.7 Billion for social development. The City has also shared out Rs. 100 Million for the Covid-19 pandemic and Rs 1.1 Billion for good governance. This year the City has prioritized programs aiming to promote gender equality and preservation of cultural heritage.

  • Total Budget in billions : 16.42
  • Total Number of wards : 32

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6.

Bharatpur Metropolitan City

5.

Biratnagar Metropolitan city

4.

Birgunj Metropolitan City

3.

Lalitpur Metropolitan city

2.

Pokhara Metropolitan City

1.

Kathmandu Metropolitan City

6. Bharatpur Metropolitan City

Bharatpur Metropolitan City
Image Source: The Rising Nepal

Bharatpur Metropolitan City lies in Nepal's south-central region. It is the district capital of the Chitwan District and Nepal's second-largest metropolitan metropolis in terms of land area and fourth-largest in terms of population. Bharatpur is one of the most rapidly developing cities in Nepal. It is the commercial center of the Chitwan district and Nepal's central area and is located on the western bank of the Narayani River. For the fiscal year 2020/2021, the Bharatpur Metropolitan City has a budget of 4.15 billion rupees.

  • Total Budget in billions : 4.15
  • Total Number of wards : 14

5. Biratnagar Metropolitan city

Biratnagar Metropolitan city
Image Source: Online Khabar

Biratnagar, one of the six metropolitan cities of Nepal also serves as the capital of Province 1. It was declared a metropolitan city on 22 May 2017 and is also considered the Industrial capital of Nepal. The city consists of multiple large-scale industries which are considered as the first industries to be ever established in Nepal. For the fiscal year 2020/2021, Biratnagar Metropolitan City has a budget of 3.37 billion.

  • Total Budget in billions : 3.37
  • Total Number of wards : 19

4. Birgunj Metropolitan City

Birgunj Metropolitan City
Image Source: The Himalayan Times

Birgunj metropolitan city falls under Parsa District and is the largest city in all of Province Number 2. Birgunj is also known as the “Commercial capital of Nepal”. Birgunj is one of the first three municipalities ever formed in Nepal. The city has a huge economic importance as it is an ideal location for trade between Nepal and India. For the fiscal year 2020/2021, Birgunj Metropolitan City has a budget of 3.86 billion.

  • Total Budget in billions : 3.86
  • Total Number of wards : 19

3. Lalitpur Metropolitan city

Lalitpur Metropolitan city
Image Source: The Kathmandu Post

Lalitpur Metropolitan City is the third biggest city in Nepal after Kathmandu and Pokhara. It is located in the south-central portion of Kathmandu Valley. It is well recognized for its rich cultural legacy, notably its arts and crafts culture. It is well-known for its festivals and feasts, exquisite antique art, and the creation of metallic and stone-carved sculptures. For the fiscal year 2020/2021, Lalitpur Metropolitan City has a budget of 5.17 billion.

  • Total Budget in billions : 5.17
  • Total Number of wards : 29

2. Pokhara Metropolitan City

Pokhara Metropolitan City
Image Source: Online Khabar

Pokhara Metropolitan City is the second-largest city in terms of population after Kathmandu Metropolitan City. The City is surrounded by Madi Rural Municipality and Rupa Rural Municipality in the East, Annapurna Rural Municipality, Parbat and Syanja District on the West, Machhapuchhre and Madi Rural Municipality on the North, and Syangja and Tanahu on the South. Pokhara is the headquarters of the city in the Gandaki Province of Nepal. The city is filled with majestic beauty and is considered a graceful place filled with the abundant beauty of the Annapurna Himalayan Range and its reflection on the Phewa Lake. The city holds a panoramic view of Dhaulagiri, Annapurna, and Manaslu with multiple museums, medieval temples, and monasteries and is considered one of the gateways for the Annapurna region Trekking. With their main focus on the control and prevention of the Covid-19 crisis, a continuation of risk allowance of frontline health workers, provision of various types of tax exclusion, and relief to entrepreneurs affected by Covid, Pokhara Metropolitan City has allocated Rs. 6.27 Billion for the year 2078/79. Out of the total budget, Rs. 2.90 Billion has been allocated for current expenditure and Rs. 3.36 Billion for the capital expenditure. Furthermore, Rs. 100 Million budget has also been granted for the establishment of quarantine facilities and isolation centers in coordination with the District Coordination Committee. This year the metropolis has prioritized the control and prevention of Covid-19, safety, and security of people, promotion of good governance, and development of institutional capacity.

  • Total Budget in billions : 6.19
  • Total Number of wards : 33

1. Kathmandu Metropolitan City

Kathmandu Metropolitan City
Image Source: The Kathmandu Post

Kathmandu Metropolitan City is a bowl-shaped valley in central Nepal and is bordered by four major mountains- Shivapuri, Phulchowki, Nagarjun, and Chandragiri. It is the eldest metropolitan city of the country and is in the urban core of the Kathmandu valley in the Himalayas, with the sister cities Patan in its south and Bhaktapur in its east. The city holds a premier cultural and economical value of Nepal and is considered to have acclaimed the most advanced infrastructure among other urban areas in the country. With their main focus to fight against the Covid-19 pandemic and make the City virus-free, Kathmandu Metropolitan City has allocated a budget of Rs. 18.9 Billion in the current year. The budget has been categorized to be used for five different aspects, with the highest share of Rs. 10.5 being allocated to the infrastructural development. The city has further granted Rs 3.7 Billion for the administrative sector and Rs. 2.7 Billion for social development. The City has also shared out Rs. 100 Million for the Covid-19 pandemic and Rs 1.1 Billion for good governance. This year the City has prioritized programs aiming to promote gender equality and preservation of cultural heritage.

  • Total Budget in billions : 16.42
  • Total Number of wards : 32

6.

Bharatpur Metropolitan City

5.

Biratnagar Metropolitan city

4.

Birgunj Metropolitan City

3.

Lalitpur Metropolitan city

2.

Pokhara Metropolitan City

1.

Kathmandu Metropolitan City